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With the adoption of the WTO agreement, governments agreed to be bound by the rules of all related multilateral trade agreements, including the SPS Agreement. In the event of a trade dispute, WTO dispute settlement procedures (click here for an introduction, click here for more details) encourage the governments concerned to find a mutually acceptable bilateral solution through formal consultations. If governments are unable to resolve their dispute, they can opt for one of many means of dispute resolution, including the right services, mediation, mediation and arbitration. Alternatively, a government may require the establishment of an impartial body of trade experts to address all parties to the dispute and make recommendations. Who benefits from the implementation of the SPS agreement? Is the agreement in the interests of developing countries? TBT Technical barriers to trade as addressed in the WTO Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade. References to the former GATT agreement with the same name are labelled as an OBT agreement “1979” The body submits its recommendations for consideration to the WTO Dispute Settlement Body (DSB), in which all WTO member states are represented. If the DSB does not decide by mutual agreement not to adopt the report of the organs or if one of the parties has not appealed the decision, the defending party is obliged to implement the recommendations of the bodies and report on how it has complied with them. The appeal is limited to legal issues and legal interpretations of the proceeding. Specific sanitary and phytosanitary requirements are most frequently applied on a bilateral basis between trading countries. Developing countries benefit from the SPS Convention because it provides an international framework for sanitary and phytosanitary agreements between countries, regardless of their political and economic strength or technological capacity. In the absence of such an agreement, developing countries could be disadvantaged if they challenge unjustified trade restrictions. In addition, under the SPS agreement, governments must accept imported products that meet their safety requirements, whether these products are the result of simpler, less sophisticated methods or advanced technologies. .